Western Medical Technology


I. Introductions and Definitions

What is Western Medical Technology? It is easier if we look at the components one by one:

a. Define Medicine:
“Medicine is the art and science of healing. It encompasses a range of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. - Quoted from Wikipedia

b. Define Technology:
“Technology deals with human as well as other animal species' usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects a species' ability to control and adapt to its natural environment. The word technology comes from the Greek technología (τεχνολογία) — téchnē (τέχνη), 'craft' and -logía (-λογία), the study of something, or the branch of knowledge of a discipline. A strict definition is elusive; technology can be material objects of use to humanity, such as machines, but can also encompass broader themes, including systems, methods of organization, and techniques. The term can either be applied generally or to specific areas: examples include "construction technology", "medical technology", or "state-of-the-art technology". . - Quoted from Wikipedia

c. Define Western:
“Western culture (sometimes equated with Western civilization or European civilization) refers to cultures of European origin. However, the idea that all European countries (especially the Orthodox civilization) belong to the Western culture is refused by the majority of Western scholars of social sciences.” - Quoted from Wikipedia

Now looking at the individual meanings, we can define Western Medical Technology as knowledge of using tools and crafts for the purpose of preventing and treating illness that are developed by people with a European descent.

As science and technology developed, early/traditional practices of medicine began to change. Such changes can be divided into three periods, namely : Pre-Industrial Period, Industrial Period and Post-Industrial Period.


MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY IN TIMELINE FORM


Antiquity

[edit]Middle Ages

[edit]1500 - 1800

[edit]1800 - Present