(All members in Group H must contribute in finding research and kindly refer to our STS hand out to know the Present / Pre / Post Industries)


INDUSTRIAL PERIOD: (Insert your Input)

Edit: HI Below I've put the paradigm shifts that may help our team - Nici





Members:

Equipment
(Add more as you can)
e.g. Microscope

"Post-industrial stage"
The continued deepening of scientific knowledge and technological innovation
drive society towards the stage of maturity(Include year & Link the Source)
e.g Microscope innovation/2007 /Link

"Industrial revolution" (gradually lifted traditional societies and prepared them for “takeoff.”
Include year & Link the Source)


e.g Microscope late 1995 /Link
"Pre-industrial stage"This view believes that all societies started as traditional societies characterized by
limited production
(Include year & Link the Source)

e.g Microscope History to Post Industrial /Link
arky
a) ventilators (life support)
external image 94213-main_Thumb.jpg
b) defibrillator
Defibrillator_resized.jpg
c) lasik-eye surgery
external image lasik_blog-711690.jpg
a) //high-frequency ventilators//

b) //defibrillators//

c: //lasek//

a) ventilators ("iron lung"): 1928

b) defibrillators: 1899

c) lasik: 1950
Maria Pauline




Maria Elvira (Elvie)
1. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
external image alg-mri.jpg
2. Computed Tomography Imaging (CT scan)
external image ctscan_mx8000.jpg
MRI/2001/Link (p.10-11)

Multidetector-row computed tomography: a new era in imaging/2005/Link (p.5)
same as "Present" but found on Chapter1, p.1

Single-detector row/Link (p.5-6)
see alsoLink(p.10)
MRI/1970's/Link (p.409-418)

CT scan/1972/ Link

gianina




Trixia
endoscope
external image GIFXP10.jpg
wireless capsule endoscopy/Link
early history/Link
Link
Artemis
Artificial Heart
external image artificialheart_zoom.jpg
Berlin Heart August 2006 Link
First Artificial Heart July 3, 1952/Link
Total Artificial Heart 2011 and 2013 Link
dianne
1. Dental drillexternal image moderndrill.jpg
2. Ophthalmoscope
external image ophthalmoscope.jpg
3. Otoscope
external image otoscope.jpg
4. Stethoscope
external image stethoscope.jpg
1. Modern /Link
2. Modern /Link

3. Modern /Link

4. Bluetooth stethoscope /Link
1. Early 1875 /Link

2. 1950s to 1960s /Link

3. 1864 /Link

4. 1816 /Link
1. History to Post /Link

2. History to Post /Link

3. History to Post /Link

4. History to Post /Link
Karl




Ecclesiastes




Andrew




jose
1. orthopedic surgery-arthroscopy
1.arthroscopy


Angeli
1. Nebulizer
external image mini_plus_nebulizer.jpg
2. Artificial Pacemaker
external image 207869_2.jpg
3. Arteriograph or Angiograph
external image Arteriograph.jpg
1. Nebulizer/Link

2. Pacemaker/2007/Link

3. TensioClinic Arteriograph 2008/Link
1. Journal of Aerosol Medicine (A History of Nebulization)/Link

2. Artificial Pacemaker/Link

3. Indication for Renal.../Link
1. A History of Nebulization/Link

2. History of Pacemakers/1700's/Link

3.Angiography/1927/Link
Maria Rowena
Hearing Aid
HA_model.jpg
Ear_Trumpets_(Pre-historic_times).jpg
Ear Trumpets (Pre-historic Time)
Ear trumpets were probably early man's first attempt at coping with hearing problems. In pre-historic times, hearing trumpets were simply hollowed-out horns of cows, rams or other animals. Later versions in wood and metal followed the same general contours as the natural horns.
Pre-elecric_horns,_trumpets_(1800's).gif

Pre-Electric Horns, Trumpets, etc. (1800s)

Ear_Trumpet_(1814).gif
bugle-type_ear_trumpet_(1800).gif


ear_horn_(1915).gif
Electronic_hearing_aids-vacuum_tube_(1920's-1930's).jpg
Electronic Hearing Aid - Vacuum (1920's - 1930's)

Electronic_hearing_aids-carbon_(1899-1940's).jpg
Electronic Hearing Aid Carbon (1899-1940's)

Transistor_hearing_aids_(1952).gif
Transistor Hearing Aids (1952, 1953)

Hybrid_hearing_aids_(1977).jpg
Hybrid Hearing Aids (1977)
Modern-day Hearing Aids

BTE1.jpg
BTE (Behind-the-ear)
The BTE hearing aids are pre-made, not custom made, this is one reason for the lower cost. They are used by children and persons with severe to profound hearing losses. They connect to an ear mold which fits in the ear. Because of the rate a child's ears grow they are more economical than custom shelled hearing aids because only the ear mold needs to be replaced.

ITE1.jpg

ITE (In-the-ear)
The ITE hearing aids are the largest of the custom made hearing aids. They can be fit in a wide range of patients, from mild to severe hearing losses. Because of the size they are much easier to build than the smaller custom hearing aids.

ITC1.jpg
ITC (In-the-canal)
The ITC hearing aids are the next smallest custom made hearing aids. They are visible, however smaller than the ITE hearing aids. They are more difficult to build because they are smaller and the placement of the electronics takes more time.

CIC1.jpg
CIC (Completely-in-the-canal)
CIC hearing aids have many benefits besides being discrete. They are the smallest of the custom made hearing aids. The electronics in the CIC hearing aids are miniaturized to the smallest possible size and carefully placed by hand in the tiny shell. They are much more difficult to make than the other custom made hearing aids

yoojin suh
1). Electrocardiography
external image msi-nb-electro.jpg

2). Water purification
external image Omega_Reverse_Osmosis_Water_Purification_System.jpg
3). Neonatal Incubation
external image baby_in_incubator.jpg
1). modern Link

2). modern Link

3). modern Link
1). in 1903 Link

2). in 1800s Link

3). in 1950s Link
1). Link

2).

3). Link
David
1-Robotic Operation
external image DaVinci-Robot.jpg
2-Surgery
external image brain-surgery.jpg
3- Cryo
external image cryogenic.jpg
4-Cloning
external image illustration_of_cloning.jpg
5-Ultrasound
external image toshiba_ultrasound.jpg

1-Robotic Operation / Latest in Medical Surgery in Operation/Link
2- ROBO-Surgery/Link

3-Cryolife (Life Restoring Technology)/Link
Cryosurgery (Cancer cells treatment) / Link


4- Human Cloning Technology/Link

5-Compact Ultrasound/2007/Link


frances nicole
* Xray
external image xray.jpg
* november 2009/ Link
  • discovery 1895/ link


Lema
1. Hemodialysis machine
external image 180px-Hemodialysismachine.jpg

2. Ventilator
external image Ventilator.jpg

3. Mammograph
external image mammography-machine.jpg

4. Patient-monitor

external image 456760231331.jpg

1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dialysis_machine#Hemodialysis

2.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_ventilator
3.
http://www.absolutemed.com/Medical-Equipment/Mammography-Machines/GE-Senographe-DMR-Plus-Mammography-Machine
4.
http://www.absolutemed.com/Medical-Equipment/Patient-Vital-Signs-Monitors/PhysioControl-Lifepak-15-Patient-Monitor-Defibrillator


Klaire




Eddie
*ergometer
external image Fahrrad-Ergometer_01_KMJ.jpg

  • The Da Vinci Surgical System
Laproscopic_Surgery_Robot.jpg
latest updates 2009/ link

Lates updates July 2000/http://science.howstuffworks.com
same as present

same as present
Lemuel
* Scalpel
external image scalpels.jpg
* Link


PARADIGM SHIFTS:

link1
link2
link3
link4